The Rio de Janeiro history starts with the Portuguese claims on
Brazil with the discovery of Porto Seguro by Pedro Alvares Cabral
in 1500. Two years later on New Years day,1502, the inlet of Guanabara
bay marked by the characteristic Sugarloaf is mistakenly assumed
a river and called “Rio de Janeiro” which means “the
January River” in English. Exactly who in Rio de Janeiro history
is responsible for the discovery is unclear, but it is assumed that
it’s either Andre Goncalves or the Florentine Amerigo Vespucci.
In 1533, Brazil history continues by being divided into 12 capitanias
(“Captaincies”). The Rio de Janeiro area of Guanabara
bay is appointed to the Espirito Santo capitana. Rio de Janeiro
history shows the area populated by the local Tamoio tribe which
is curious about the new strangers from abroad. An expression which
still remains in Rio even today has it’s origin from the natives;
“Cari-oca”, which meant “house of the whites”.
Today a Carioca represent a Rio inhabitant who is born and raised
in Rio de Janeiro with parents from Rio.
At first the Portuguese took little interest in the southern areas
of Porto Seguro and focused on extracting sugar in the north. The
area of Rio de Janeiro was left for the French and renamed “La
France Antartique” in 1555 by Nicholas de Villegagnon, a French
knight of St.John.
The Rio de Janeiro history shows the first serious settlement called
Sao Sebastiao founded in 1565 by Estacio de Sa, after the French
are defeated and thrown out by governor-general mem de Sa. The early
settlement developed slowly, located at the foot of today’s
famous sugarloaf mountains for better defence possibilities.
1580 – 1640 in Rio de Janeiro history is marked by slow progression
and continued attacks by the French and the Dutch across all of
Brasil. After 1640, begins a time of missionary both to the north
and south of Rio.
The year of 1693 is an important year for Brazil history; gold
is found in Minas Gerais, just north of Rio de Janeiro and the time
of the gold rush started!
Roads where built from Rio and out to the gold mines, and Rio de
Janeiro became the primary shipping harbour of gold to Portugal.
All kinds of fortune hunters immigrated to Brazil and Rio de Janeiro
grew to become an economic sentre of the huge country Brazil.
Rio de Janeiro history back to Rio-de-Janeiro.info