Facts of Brazil and Rio de Janeiro

Before visiting it can be good to know some facts of Brazil and Rio de Janeiro.

The basic facts about brazil:

Brazil is the fifth biggest country in the world after Russia, Canada, China, and the USA. Per 2006 188,078,261 (5th largest) people, spread out on an area of 8,514,877 km² (5th Largest).

The population density is highest along the coast of Brazil with the district of Copacabana, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, one of the worlds most populated areas with 25,000 people per km². While in Rio de Janeiro as a city, 4,781 per km².

However, the enormous rainforest reduces the average population density in Brazil to 20.5 inhabitants per square kilometer .

The capitol facts of brazil;

Brazilia is the current capitol, after it was constructed by the famous architect Niemeyer by order of the brazilian gouvernment to spread the population more out in the inner part of Brazil.

The capitol was moved in 1960 from the marvellous Rio de Janeiro to great disappointment of the cariocas. (People raised and born in Rio)

Other interesting cultural facts of Brazil involves the history of the Portuguese. Unlike the Spanish colonial empire of the rest of South America, the Portuguese populated brazil by mating with the existing Indians.

Slaves were imported and further contributed to making a mix of people existent to a large degree also today. You will find Indians, Blacks, Whites, Mulatas, chineese, all kinds of mixtures which make Brazil a exotic country of mangfold.

All of these different kinds of people brought a little bit of culture making a mix very special for Brazil. There is no problem in having several religions even though the official one is catolism. Many have two religious tables in their houses, following the African candomble religion and Christian icons.

The major exports of Brazil are: aircraft, coffee, automobiles, soybean, iron ore, orange juice, steel, ethanol, textiles, footwear, corned beef and electrical equipment

Facts and Rio de Janeiro, more facts of brazil:

Rio de Janeiro is a state and also the next biggest city of Brazil after Sao Paulo.

The state capitol has 5,857 904 inhabitants divided into 4 zones with a total of 160 city neighbourhoods, surburbs or ‘bairros’ which it’s called in Portuguese.

Principle neigbourhoods:

- Copacabana is the most famous region of the south zone with various hotels, bars and night clubs. You are obliged to take a walk on the wavy pavement and observe the quantity and variety of people in the district; foreign tourists, prostitutes, rich people and poor, people from all ages and social classes.

- Next to Copacabana you also have Arpoador, often frequented by young surfers, Ipanema and Leblon, two areas with great nightlife, bars and restaurants.

- The local Brazilians also like a lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas, Cosme Velho which give access to the forest ‘floresta de tijuca’ the biggest urban forrest in the world, Jardim botanico (the botanical garden) and Gavea.

- The centre has allot of historical buildings and the main museums. The Lapa area is definatly worth a visit as it is the local of bohems, samba do choro with a special nightlife and Brazilians gathering in the streets, singing and dancing.

- Still in the Centre area is Santa Teresa, a place where artists and intellectuals gather. On the top of a hill, Santa Teresa can be accessed through a small train, functioning since 1877 up until today.

If you are born and raised in Rio, you may call yourself carioca. The cariocas are very proud of Rio de Janeiro and often make jokes about Sao Paulo, with inhabitants called ‘Paulistas’ from the Sao Paulo state and ‘Paulistanos’ from the city itself.

Beach facts of Brazil and Rio;

Rio has 50 km of beaches spread out along the coast of the state.

To call to Rio de Janeiro you need to exit your country with 00, then enter Brasil with 55, use the statenumber 21, then the specific number. Ex. From Norway, 00,55,21, specific number.

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